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Film Set Tragedy Spurs Call to Ban Guns10/24 13:20

   With computer-generated imagery, it seems the sky's the limit in the magic 
Hollywood can produce: elaborate dystopian universes. Trips to outer space, for 
those neither astronauts nor billionaires. Immersive journeys to the future, or 
back to bygone eras.

   NEW YORK (AP) -- With computer-generated imagery, it seems the sky's the 
limit in the magic Hollywood can produce: elaborate dystopian universes. Trips 
to outer space, for those neither astronauts nor billionaires. Immersive 
journeys to the future, or back to bygone eras.

   But as a shocked and saddened industry was reminded this week, many 
productions still use guns -- real guns -- when filming. And despite rules and 
regulations, people can get killed, as happened last week when Alec Baldwin 
fatally shot cinematographer Halyna Hutchins after he was handed a weapon and 
told it was safe.

   The tragedy has led some in Hollywood, along with incredulous observers, to 
ask: Why are real guns ever used on set, when computers can create gunshots in 
post-production? Isn't even the smallest risk unacceptable?

   For Alexi Hawley, it is. "Any risk is too much risk," the executive producer 
of ABC's police drama "The Rookie" announced in a staff memo Friday, saying the 
events in New Mexico had "shaken us all."

   There "will be no more 'live' weapons on the show," he wrote in a note, 
first reported by The Hollywood Reporter and confirmed by The Associated Press.

   Instead, he said, the policy would be to use replica guns, which use pellets 
and not bullets, with muzzle flashes added in post-production.

   The director of the popular Kate Winslet drama "Mare of Easttown," Craig 
Zobel, called for the entire industry to follow suit and said gunshots on that 
show were added after filming, even though on previous productions he has used 
live rounds.

   "There's no reason to have guns loaded with blanks or anything on set 
anymore," Zobel wrote on Twitter. "Should just be fully outlawed. There's 
computers now. The gunshots on 'Mare of Easttown' are all digital. You can 
probably tell, but who cares? It's an unnecessary risk."

   Bill Dill -- a cinematographer who taught Hutchins, a rising star in her 
field, at the American Film Institute -- expressed disgust in an interview over 
the "archaic practice of using real guns with blanks in them, when we have 
readily available and inexpensive computer graphics."

   Dill, whose credits include "The Five Heartbeats" and "Dancing in 
September," said there was added danger from real guns because "people are 
working long hours" on films and "are exhausted."

   "There's no excuse for using live weapons," he said.

   A petition was launched over the weekend on for real guns to be 
banned from production sets.

   "There is no excuse for something like this to happen in the 21st century," 
it said of the tragedy. "This isn't the early 90's, when Brandon Lee was killed 
in the same manner. Change needs to happen before additional talented lives are 
lost." Lee, the actor son of martial arts legend Bruce Lee, was killed in 1993 
by a makeshift bullet left in a prop gun after a previous scene.

   The petition appealed to Baldwin directly "to use his power and influence" 
in the industry and promote "Halyna's Law," which would ban the use of real 
firearms on set. As it stands, the U.S. federal workplace safety agency is 
silent on the issue and most of the preferred states for productions take a 
largely hands-off approach.

   Hutchins, 42, died and director Joel Souza was wounded Thursday on the set 
of the Western "Rust" when Baldwin fired a prop gun that a crew member 
unwittingly told him was "cold" or not loaded with live rounds, according to 
court documents made public Friday.

   Souza was later released from the hospital.

   The tragedy came after some workers had walked off the job to protest safety 
conditions and other production issues on the film, of which Baldwin is the 
star and a producer.

   In an interview, British cinematographer Steven Hall noted that he worked on 
a production this year in Madrid that involved "lots of firearms."

   "We were encouraged not to use blanks, but to rely on visual effects in post 
(production) to create whatever effect we wanted from a particular firearm, 
with the actor miming the recoil from the gun, and it works very well," he said.

   He noted, though, that special effects add costs to a production's budget. 
"So it's easier and perhaps more economic to actually discharge your weapon on 
set using a blank," said Hall, a veteran cinematographer who has worked on 
films like "Fury" and "Thor: The Dark World." But, he said, "the problem with 
blanks is, of course ... something is emitted from the gun."

   Besides financial concerns, why else would real guns be seen as preferable? 
"There are advantages to using blanks on set that some people want to get," 
said Sam Dormer, a British "armorer," or firearms specialist. "For instance, 
you get a (better) reaction from the actor."

   Still, Dormer said, the movie industry is likely moving away from real guns, 
albeit slowly.

   The term "prop gun" can apply to anything from a rubber toy to a real 
firearm that can fire a projectile. If it's used for firing, even blanks, it's 
considered a real gun. A blank is a cartridge that contains gunpowder but no 
bullet. Still, it can hurt or even kill someone who is close by, according to 
the Actors' Equity Association.

   That's why many are calling to ban blanks as well, and use disabled or 
replica guns.

   "Really there is no good reason in this day to have blanks on set," director 
Liz Garbus wrote on Twitter. "CGI can make the gun seem 'real,' and if you 
don't have the budget for the CGI, then don't shoot the scene."

   Megan Griffiths, a Seattle-based filmmaker, wrote that she often gets 
pushback when demanding disabled, non-firing weapons on set.

   "But this is why," she said on Twitter. "Mistakes happen, and when they 
involve guns, mistakes kill. ... Muzzle flashes are the easiest & cheapest 
visual effect."

   "Why are we still doing this?"

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